In Nigeria it is believed that education is a right. Though literacy has been recognized as a significant human right, illiteracy in Nigeria still continues to be a problem. According to the Global Monitoring Report of 2008, the latest data for Nigeria shows an adult literacy rate of 69 percent. This accounts for 78 percent men and 60 percent women. It is being estimated that more than 22 million people are illiterate out of whom 65 percent are women.
Millions of people in Nigeria are still being denied access to literacy. There is still a lack effective education policy. Let us summarize some of the major problems of adult illiteracy in Nigeria :
- There are problems in primary education. The enrolment rates are low and dropout rates are high.
- There are poor enrolment rates in adult literacy programs.
- The literacy instructors are not that properly trained.
- There is exclusion of women in adult education programs.
- There is hardly any access to adult education by communities lie nomads, fishermen and pastoralists.
- There is a failure to sustain literacy rates on account of low resources these include equipment, material and teachers.
Since 1999, after Nigeria returned to democracy, education played a key role in the socio economic reforms. The Education for All (EFA) goals in Dakar brought about a significant change in the concept of education. With the introduction of new technologies online education is becoming quite popular among the people of Nigeria.
It cannot be denied that there is an improvement in the level of the reach of education. The UBE program is doing good to combat illiteracy in the country. The universities of Nigeria and their present condition have experienced a significant growth over the past few years. It is expected that in the coming days all the new concepts of education like online and distance education will be all the more widely accepted in the country than it is now.